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These are words that specify place, direction, and time. A preposition also connects a noun to other words and shows the relationship between them. There are three general types of prepositions.
1. Time prepositions - are used to define time. Prepositions usually come before a noun or pronoun. Prepositions never come after a verb.
•after - I will be there after work.
•around - We will be there around 3 PM
•before - I will be there before I go to school.
•between - I will be there
•by - I will be there by the time that you leave for work.
•during - I will be there during your class.
•for - I will be there for your birthday.
•past - I wasn't there for the past 2 months.
•since - I didn't see her since I was 10 years old.
•until - I will not be home until 7:00 PM.
•within - I will be there within 2 hours.
2. Prepositions of place - are used to clarify a specific place. Place prepositions are used with all nouns. The preposition usually comes before the noun or the pronoun. The preposition never comes before a verb.
Common Place Prepositions:
•aboard - She is aboard the boat.
•above - The picture is above the sofa.
•across - My house is across the street.
•against - The desk is against the wall.
•around - My house is around the block.
•at - Is your house at the end of the street.
•at the back of - We are going to sit at the back of the theater.
•at the bottom of - The coins are at the bottom of the lake.
•at the top of - The books are at the top of the shelves.
•between - We sit between the two boys.
•behind - The girls sit behind the two boys.
•below - The desk is below the window
•by - The books are by the door.
•in - I live in the big green and white house.
•inside - I live inside the big green house.
•on the corner of - We live on the corner of 3rd avenue
•in the middle of - We live in the middle of the street.
•near - I don't live near the supermarket.
•next to - I live next to my best friend.
•on - The sun heater is on the top of the building.
•on the side of - There is a big sign on the side of the house.
•on top of - There is a man on the top of the roof.
•on the other side of - Do you see what is going on over there on the other side of the roof?
•opposite - The post office is on the opposite side of the street.
•outside - The car is outside the garage.
•underneath - The pen is underneath the box.
3. Direction Prepositions - Direction prepositions are used to clarify the direction of someone or something. Examples: under, over, right, left etc.
•to the left of - The blue box is to the left of the green box.
•to the right of - The orange box is to the right of the yellow box.
•under - The blanket is under the bed in a box.